Homeopathy Helleborus

Black Hellebore / Christmas Rose

Helleborus niger

The homeopathic remedy Helleborus is prepared organically from the plant called Helleborus niger (common names Christmas rose or black hellebore). This evergreen plant produces dark-hued, rubbery, palmately parted leaves that appear on stems which grow up to a height of 9 inches to 12 inches (23 cm to 30 cm). This plant belongs to the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae, and is known to be toxic. The short flowering stems of Helleborus niger bear big, plane flowers that bloom during the period between the middle of winter to the beginning of spring. These flowers are usually white in color, but sometimes have a pinkish hue.

Helleborus has two sub-species – Helleborus niger subsp. niger and Helleborus niger subsp. macranthus. The second sub-species bear comparatively larger flowers that measure about 3.75 inches (9 cm) in diameter. The subspecies H. niger subsp. niger is found to be growing naturally in rocky terrains, over a vast area stretching from Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Croatia, Slovenia to the northern regions of Italy. On the other hand, the subspecies Helleborus niger subsp. macranthus only grows in northern Italy and perhaps also the neighboring regions of Slovenia.

It may be noted that way back in 1400 BCE, Pliny, the famous Roman natural historian, had documented the use of black hellebore for treating mental problems. Even the ancient Roman and Greek philosophers used to drink an infusion prepared from this plant to augment their concentration prior to any long-drawn-out debate. However, as mentioned earlier, this plant is extremely poisonous and is currently only employed by homeopathy. Other herbalists are of the view that this herb is extremely potent and toxic to be employed in a safe manner. Noted German physician and the founder of the alternative medicine homeopathy Samuel Hahnemann proved the remedy Helleborus and published the findings of his research with the medicine in his Materia Medica Pura (1821-34).

Individuals who receive maximum benefit from the homeopathic remedy Helleborus are typically uninteresting as well as lethargic. The homeopathic remedy is most appropriate for people who are generally confused and their mental process is quite slow. Usually, such people suffer from grief, lack of concern, tetchiness and depression. Very often, such individuals have a feeling as if their brain is in confusion and they are unable to comprehend what is happening around them. While such individuals may sometimes ask for assistance, usually it is difficult to console them. It has been found that the physical symptoms of such people usually deteriorate in the evening between 4 p.m. and 8 p.m. On the other hand, they feel better when there is warmth and while they are lying down all covered up.

Precisely speaking, homeopaths normally prescribe Helleborus to treat mental conditions that are marked by lethargy and confusion. Using this homeopathic remedy may be effective in treating any severe inflammatory condition of the nerves. In addition, Helleborus may also be useful for easing headaches, depression as well as digestive disorders. These symptoms may generally occur owing to any injury to the brain or the spinal cord; a brain surgery or an attack of encephalitis or meningitis.

The homeopathic remedy Helleborus is mainly used to treat depression. Patients who require this medication are extremely ill-tempered and become angry very easily. They prefer to be left alone and not disturbed by anyone. Such patients are extremely gloomy, desolate, mournful, silent or tremendously tormented. Helleborus, as a homeopathic remedy, is particularly apt for girls during puberty or at time when they do not have menstruation periods after having them for once or a few times. In effect, many women take this homeopathic remedy on a regular basis with a view to regulate their menstrual periods as well as for aborting unwanted pregnancy.

The symptoms of the patients who require the homeopathic remedy Helleborus most deteriorate when they are consoled. Such individuals are also insensible as well as dull when they are questioned and usually answer very at a snail’s pace. Helleborus is also effective in treating homesickness.

This homeopathic remedy is prepared using the leaves, roots as well as the rhizomes of the herb Helleborus niger. However, it is cautioned that while preparing this homeopathic remedy, one should not get baffled and mistake black hellebore with white hellebore.

Notwithstanding the concerns related to its safe use, many people are found to take black hellebore to treat kidney infections, nausea, constipation, queasiness and expel worms from their body.

Plant Parts Used:

Leaves, root.

Homeopathic Remedy Use:

The homeopathic remedy Helleborus is widely used for disorders related to the nervous system, including confusion and insipidness and perhaps is also effective in treating conditions wherein the patients seem to show inanity or mental disorders. People who require this medication are usually very slow in answering questions and need tremendous efforts to respond to any query. Their body has a numb sensation, while the brain does not have any control over the muscles, as a result of which objects held by them drops easily from their hand. They are also absentminded and have poor attentiveness, commonly accompanied by a condition where the memory becoming completely vacant.

In severe conditions, the patients may also develop symptoms that are related to Alzheimer’s disease, counting nervousness, losing their memory as well as stupefaction. Depending on the homeopathic remedy Helleborus is also likely to facilitate in reinstating some of the lost focus by the patients as well as their helplessness in concentrating. Such people are generally not able to memorize much and they habitually drop items from their hands or suddenly become blank, without any forewarning. Some of the condition-specific uses of Helleborus are discussed briefly below:

Brain inflammation
Helleborus as a homeopathic remedy is very effective for brain inflammation, especially where the tissues of the brain are distended, perhaps owing to meningitis or encephalitis. The symptoms of this condition normally include seizures accompanied by an inclination of a sensation of hotness of the head and chilliness of the body. In such situations, the patients have a sensation as if they are in a trance and feel very lethargic. Turning to the homeopathic remedy Helleborus in such cases may act to assist the body to naturally lessen the swelling of the brain tissues. In addition, it may be useful in easing the other symptoms like feeling extremely hot in the head and cold in the body as well as the semi-comatose condition.
Headaches
People who suffer from headaches or migraine accompanied by mental insipidness, perhaps following any injury or surgery, may find Helleborus beneficial as a homeopathic remedy. Frequently, such headaches start on in the back side of the head or in the neck. In such cases the sufferer may have a compulsion to pull down the head towards his/ her body for relief. The pain caused by the headache or migraine may be accompanied by vertigo and light-headedness that may result in vomiting.
Digestive disorder
As a homeopathic remedy, Helleborus is often prescribed for digestive disorders, wherein the patient experiences aching bowel impulses accompanied by watery diarrhea as well as mucus. In such conditions, the movements of bowel are so irregular and slow that the patient may even suffer from constipation. Generally, the patients do not experience thirst for any fluid and have a dry mouth.
Depression
People suffering from depression and requiring this homeopathic remedy usually have blank gazes, instinctive sighs and bad moods, particularly in the period between 4 p.m. and 8 p.m. They may also be found to be fiddling with their lips and clothes.

Although black hellebore has been widely used in ancient times as a medicine, in present time it is not used much, except in the form of a homeopathic remedy. In earlier times, herbalists recommended this herb to patients for enhancing their concentration, but afterwards it was considered to be extremely potent for internal use.

Despite being neglected as a herbal medicine, the use of Helleborus has never ceased to increase as well as evolve in the world of homeopathy. This is primarily owing to the fact that despite several toxic and other substances being used to prepare homeopathic remedies, they do not retain even the slightest trace of the original substance they are prepared from. Hence, the discovery of the therapeutic attributes of Helleborus is very significant considering the fact that today it has proved to have sweeping effects.

Before concluding the discussion, it may once again be noted that the homeopathic remedy Helleborus is prepared from the plant Helleborus niger and it has been an extremely popular medication for several years. The tincture is prepared from the freshly obtained root of the plant that is unearthed during the winter. After digging up the root, it is cleaned, sliced into small pieces and permeated in alcohol. Subsequently, the resultant liquid is strained and succussed (shaken). The final product is the homeopathic remedy Helleborus that practically does not retain even the slightest trace of the plant.

As a homeopathic remedy, Helleborus works excellently for people who are characteristically inclined to be dreary and slow in temperament. Even people who usually have a very slow overall mental process also respond well to this remedy. Such people have a propensity to be nervous, suffer from depression as well as agony regarding their medical condition and also owing to their helplessness to concentrate. Such people may be very inconsolable when life becomes really hard for them.

Source

The herb Helleborus niger, which forms the basis of the homeopathic remedy Helleborus, is found growing in the wild on the mountainous or rocky terrains in Europe. This plant blooms during the period between mid-winter to early spring and is cultivated extensively in the form of a well-accepted garden plant.

Ginger {Zingiber officinale}

Also, Known As:

  • African Ginger
  • Ardraka
  • Black Ginger
  • Chiang
  • Gan-jiang
  • Ginger
  • Nagara
  • Race Ginger
  • Shen-jiang
  • Sunthi
Zingiber officinale, the official name of the common ginger was coined by the famous eighteenth-century Swedish botanist and general naturalist, Carl Linnaeus. While Latinizing the name, Carl Linnaeus also derived the name Zingiber for the generic term, using the Indian Sanskrit name for ginger – singabera, or shaped like a horn.
About 1,400 species of plants are placed in the family Zingiberaceae and the ginger is just another of these plants. It shares equal honors with other famous family members, the spices turmeric – which is a principal component used in curry; it is also an herbal medicine – and the spice cardamom – used extensively in South Asian cuisine. The ginger has a slender stem; ginger is a perennial plant, about 24 to 39 inches in height. Compared to the second and following stems, the first stems are lengthier and also bear beautiful and fragrant flowers. The ginger flowers are greenish yellow and streaked with purple down the sides. Dark green ginger leaves are characterized by a famous midrib that is sheathed at the growing base. The seeds of the ginger appear in the rare fruiting body.
The underground stem of the ginger is the most familiar part of the plant and it is extensively used for commercial as well as domestic purposes. Often mistakenly called the root of the ginger, the irregular shape and size of the underground section of the stem is the most important part of this herb – the plant stores food reserves in this underground stem. The botanically correct term to apply to the underground stem is rhizome, even if the ginger will probably always be associated with the term root by common people. Whole new ginger plants can self generate from budded sections, and property of the rhizome is very different to a root, which will die if split into sections. Cultivation of the ginger has been made possible by these buds in the rhizome and the plant has been cultivated in this way for thousands of years. The habitat most suited to the cultivation of ginger is one with a hot and moist climate with some shade; ginger also prefers soil that is well tilled and rich in loam. The rhizome is white to yellow in color and bears thick lobes – it is also very aromatic, a property used in culinary and herbal processes. An unusual exception to this mild color range is one ginger variety, which has a characteristic blue ring, lying in circles inside the fleshy interior – this is one of the most prized varieties of ginger.
ginger parts
Today, the ginger is the most widely cultivated spice around the world. A lot of countries and regions cultivate this spice and different opinions exists as to who grows the best ginger. Any favoritism of a particular variety of ginger is purely a matter of personal taste, as the ginger appears in countless varieties, shapes and sizes, India alone is said to have an estimated fifty varieties of this versatile herb. Depending on the conditions of the soil and the manner of its cultivation’s, each and every variety of the ginger possesses its own distinctive flavor and aroma. Africa is reputedly the home of the most pungent ginger, while the milder varieties are grown mainly in China. The general agreements is that culinary applications will likely use milder ginger varieties, while the stronger and more pungent varieties are best to prepare ginger beverages and for use in therapeutic herbal remedies.
Oral anti-coagulants are normally prescribed to individuals who suffer from frequent blood clots to help keep their blood free from clots. The compound known as warfarin sodium commonly called coumadin, is one of the most frequently used medications in this regard. This compound is also a potent rat poison and taking it in high doses can cause serious internal hemorrhages in the body, especially if it is used over an extended period of time by the person. The ideal substitute for these synthetic blood thinners is ginger root, which can replace the role of this compound in the body. At least some individuals suffering from such problems who took an average of two herbal ginger capsules two times a day in between meals appears to have benefited.

Plant Parts Used:

Rhizome, root, essential oil.

Ginger Tea for Women:

This ginger tea is extraordinarily healing for all female organs and the intestines, as well as for stressed nerves and a sluggish metabolism.
  • a thumb-sized piece of ginger
  • 1 cups (1/4 l) water
  • 2 cups (1/2 l) milk
Peel the ginger and grate or slice very fine. Simmer very slowly for about 20 minutes in the water. Now add up to 2 cups (1/2 l) milk and let it boil up. Remove from the heat and sweeten with honey or cane sugar. Ginger tea is best consumed in small sips over the course of the day, as required. In the morning and before meals it stimulates digestion; on cold winter afternoons it warms and protects from the flu. Many women take the tea after miscarriages or abdominal surgery, to promote the healing of the uterus.
Ginger tea is so effective against ailments of the reproductive and digestive systems because it stimulates circulation and supports a good blood supply to these organs. Bloating can be treated with this tea, by adding a pinch of cinnamon. In the presence of stomach ulcers, however, modest amounts of this tea are recommended and the quantity of ginger can be cut down. Similarly, in the early weeks of pregnancy, the further stimulation of blood flow into the abdomen is not recommended, so go easy on ginger at this time. Modest amounts, however, are a great remedy for morning sickness.

Candied Ginger:

  • 1 lb. fresh ginger root
  • 1 cup cold water
  • 3 cups cold water
  • 1 cup superfine sugar
  • 2 cups granulated sugar
Pare the root and cut into long narrow slices, across the grain. Cover with about 1 1/2 cups cold water in a saucepan and heat to boiling. Simmer 5 minutes, drain and cover with cold water again. Heat to boiling, simmers 5 minutes more. Drain. Dry well.
Combine granulated sugar and 1 cup of water in a small kettle. Boil 10 minutes. Add the ginger slices and cook over very low heat. Do not boil. Stir, and cook until all the syrup is absorbed, about 40 minutes. Remove the ginger, and dry on a rack.
Roll the cooled ginger in superfine sugar, and let it stand in the sugar until it has crystallized.

The Antioxidants – Free-Radical Fighters

Antioxidants are basically a specific type of molecules that protect our body from the damages caused by the detrimental free radicals. Precisely speaking, antioxidants work as defenses against the disparaging actions of free radicals produced by our body during different processes. In this article we shall concentrate on the four major antioxidant nutrients – vitamin C, vitamin E,  beta carotene and selenium, as well as other natural antioxidants which show the maximum potential for the medical treatment.

The expression ‘antioxidant’ may appear to be somewhat complex, but, in reality, it is very easy to comprehend. While the prefix ‘Anti’ denotes ‘against’, the word ‘oxidant’ refers to reactive substances which accept electrons from other substances, which is, free radicals.

The term ‘oxidant’ has been derived from the word ‘oxygen’. When you allow oils and meat to remain outside for a prolonged period, they start decomposing. In fact, oxidants are involved in the rancidity of these substances by means of a process known as oxidation. Precisely speaking, oxidation occurs when oxygen reacts with proteins and fatty acids to develop into free radicals, which are eventually responsible for decay. Another instance of oxidation is rusting, which is a reaction between oxygen and iron forming a fragile, peeling substance known as ferrous oxide or rust. Therefore, all things such as oxidation, decay, decomposition and burning express similar things – in brief, destruction caused by free radicals.

In effect, awareness regarding free radicals started as late as in the 1930’s. This came to the light for the first time when a chemist at the Rockefeller Institute of the United States, Leonor Micaelis was perplexed over the cause of oils turning stale. In those days, the findings of Leonor were stimulating and they prompted great interest in the functions of the free radicals in our every day lives.

Consequently, antioxidants combat the harmful oxidation by means of counteracting the free radicals, which are responsible for the damages. It may be noted that the electron in a free radical does not occur in a pair and steals the missing electron from a normal molecule, making it a free radical. This is an unending process. In such a situation, an antioxidant actually supplies the mislaid electron or takes away the additional electron with a view to make the free radical stable. Subsequently, the antioxidant turns into a free radical, but its structure is such that it is several times less volatile and does not harm the other normal molecules. Unlike in the case of free radicals, the process of stealing or donating electrons stops when an antioxidant stabilizes a free radical. Additional biochemical developments only help to make the antioxidant process comprehensive, thereby, turning off a free radical unharmed.

In fact, the similarity of a nail lying on a freeway may also be useful in describing the manner in which antioxidants work. Provided the sweeper has been successful in removing the nail from the highway prior to a car running over the piece of metal, it would help in avoiding much damage. Alternately, provided the tires of the car are shielded with impassable coatings, the nail would not be able to cause a puncture even if the car runs over it. On the other hand, if the nail remains on the highway and any car with ordinary tires run over it, there will be considerable damage. For that reason, the antioxidants work like the highway sweeper or the impenetrable seals on the tires and put off any possible damage.

There are several different types of antioxidants within our body that protect us from ailments and other health problems. These antioxidants may comprise nutrients, amino acids, enzymes, proteins as well as other bio-chemicals.

Antioxidant Enzymes

antioxidant-rich-foodsEnzymes that function as antioxidants are produced within our body. These enzymes set off the developments those eventually guide the unnecessary, detrimental vigor of the free radicals to engender undamaging substances like water as well as regular oxygen. Primarily, there are three such enzymes, which include catalase, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase.

The enzymes mentioned above are produced as well as work as antioxidants in majority of the cells in our body. In all respects, these enzymes are a part of ourselves. In the absence of the defending actions we would factually become flawed very easily. One of the reasons why dead flesh decomposes so rapidly is that these enzymes neither exist nor function in the dead cells of the dead flesh.

More often than not, the body responds to the existence of more free radicals by augmenting the production of enzymes that function as antioxidants within our body. An ideal example of this is the skilled athletes who, in comparison to majority of the people, generally possess elevated levels of these enzymes. Their bodies are attuned to tackle with the increased free radicals produced due to enhanced metabolism of arduous work outs.

On the other hand, the pressure and tensions of contemporary way of life coupled with the toxic side-effects of technology have augmented the burden of free radicals that we all have got to cope with. In fact, the preceding generations were not afflicted by problems like air pollution,pesticides, industrial wastes as well as deposits of herbicides and several other sources that generate free radicals. Therefore, the aptitude of our body to produce adequate amounts of enzymes that function as antioxidants is likely to be under pressure and may perhaps turn out to be deficient.

Other Antioxidants

In addition to the antioxidant enzymes, there are also different other categories of antioxidant substances. There are a number of artificial or man-made antioxidants, including butylated hydroxyanisole (BRA), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), which are employed in the form of pharmaceutical agents as well as food additives. Additional normal antioxidants comprise amino acids containing sulfur and proteins, for instance, glutathione and cysteine, uric acid as well as several substances that are obtained from herbs.

Antioxidant Nutrients

Majority of the clinical trials make use of antioxidant nutrients for the purpose of human supplementation since they are not only most useful, but also inexpensive options. Among the various antioxidant nutrients the ones that are most useful in neutralizing free radicals are vitamin C, beta carotene (provitamin A), vitamin E and the vital trace mineral selenium.

Different from the enzymes that function as antioxidants, our body is unable to produce the antioxidant nutrients. Instead, the foods we ingest, such as vegetables, fruits, seeds, nuts and whole grains, supply these antioxidant nutrients in sufficient amounts. When these antioxidant nutrients are soaked up by the body during the digestive process, they pass through the bloodstream and concentrate in every cell as well as organ of our body with a view to combat free radicals. While they continue to extinguish the free radicals, the antioxidant nutrients become inactive, while some of them may possibly be reactivated later, and are ultimately removed from the body. As a consequence, it is necessary to continuously reload antioxidant nutrients by means of taking healthy diets. This is something akin to calories which need to be replenished all the time to keep up the energy levels.

It may be noted that the antioxidant nutrients work in harmony like a team to douse the free radicals. Time and again, the antioxidant nutrients also work in combination with additional categories of antioxidants, for instance the enzymes or synthetic antioxidants. It is worth mentioning here that no antioxidant functions in seclusion, but every one of them is an element of complicated biochemical series, something akin to the bucket brigades organized to extinguish the ‘fires’ attributable to the harmful free radicals. Simultaneously, all antioxidants possess a distinctive chemical arrangement as well as character, and they work in several specific functions, besides those performed as antioxidants.

The Best Antioxidant-Rich Foods

berriesBesides being refreshingly sweet, several types of berries, for instance, strawberries, raspberries and blueberries, provide us with plenty of antioxidants. Precisely speaking, raspberries, blueberries and blackberries enclose high amounts of proanthocyanidins – antioxidants that possess the aptitude to put off cancer as well as heart ailments. You may consume them in a drink in the morning, blend some on top of yogurt or cereal you eat in the morning or take delight in them in the form of a snack during the afternoon.

Among all the nourishing vegetables available, broccoli surely is the best, as this cruciferous vegetable encloses far more vitamin C compared to an orange, which the calcium content of broccoli is more in comparison to a glass of milk. Apart from being loaded with vitamins and minerals, broccoli is also packed with chemicals called phytonutrients that help us to combat numerous diseases. Broccoli also encloses another chemical called sulforaphane, which has been found to diminish the chances of developing several types of cancers. You may consume broccoli by steaming or boiling it. Alternately, you may also season broccoli using salsa or lemon to prepare a delectable side dish. In fact, broccoli is a powerhouse of several nutrients and it goes extremely well with salads, omelettes or even stir-fries.

People throughout the world use garlic in the form of a appetizing seasoning agent for almost all types of dishes. In fact, garlic offers numerous health benefits and these have been publicized in different countries for several centuries. For instance, people have been traditionally using raw garlic in the form of a natural antibiotic to eliminate various strains of dangerous bacteria. In addition, garlic is also employed to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, get rid of heavy metals from our body, and also put off the chances of developing cancer. Garlic also functions in the form of an antiviral as well as antifungal agent. It may be noted that a solitary garlic clove encloses vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, potassium,iodine, calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc and selenium.

Green tea is another important antioxidant, which has elevated levels of compounds called catechin polyphenols. Green tea is also known to facilitate weight loss. Within the body, these compounds work in conjunction with other chemicals to intensify the levels of fat oxidation as well as thermogenesis – a condition formed within the body by burning fat in the form of a fuel. Normally, one ought to try to consume at least three cups (750 ml) of green tea every day with a view to lose the extra pounds. In addition, it has also been found that green tea works to thwart the possibilities of developing cancer, heart ailments as well as high blood cholesterol.

Tomatoes are also very potent antioxidants. Tomatoes enclose a potent anti-cancer agent called lycopene. Findings of several studies have revealed that in comparison to beta carotene and vitamin E, lycopene, which is present in abundance in tomatoes, is more potent in combating diseases. It may be noted that presence of fat is essential for lycopene to ensure optimum absorption. Hence, when you put the nutritious fat olive oil in spaghetti sauce, it works excellently to augment the lycopene levels in the body. You may begin by incorporating additional tomatoes in your diet in various forms – whole, sliced, stewed, canned, sauced tomato or tomato paste.

Besides the antioxidant-foods mentioned here, there are several others, including spinach, red grapes, carrots and whole grains. Each of these foods contains as well as provides us with abundance of antioxidants.

Roses

The rose plant is a woody perennial belonging to the genus Rosa, which is a member of the family Rosaceae. As of now, more than 100 species of roses have been discovered, while their cultivars number several thousand. Rose plants are found in different shapes and sizes. They can grow to be an upright shrub, a climbing plant or even found trailing with stems having sharp prickles. Even the blooms of rose differ in shape and size. Generally, the flowers are large and flashy and come in a variety of hues that range from white to different shades of yellow and red.

The majority of rose species are indigenous to Asia, while some of them have their origin in Europe, northwest Africa, and North America. Various rose species, cultivars as well as hybrids are grown extensively for their attractiveness and usually also for their fragrance. The size of rose plants varies from being condensed, small roses to climbing plants that often grow up to a height of seven meters. Different rose species hybridize readily and this attribute of roses has been employed to develop a wide assortment of garden roses.

There is a saying that God bestowed roses with the luster of the most radiant metal together with the aroma of the best sweet-smelling perfumes. There is no doubt that the history of roses is most complicated, as a solitary genus Rosa comprises numerous species that are spread all over the globe.

rock-rose-pink

It is interesting to note that roses have a history that is much longer compared to the humans. It is believed that the first rose appeared on this planet no less that 12 million years back. According to some people, they were present on the earth about 20 million years ago! However, it is worth mentioning here that the fossils of roses discovered so far were strictly not of the roses we know today. Nevertheless, it has been ascertained that genus Rosa existed naturally all over the Northern Hemispheres. Estimates by botanists suggest that about 100 to 200 rose species grew naturally in places having tropical and temperate climatic conditions in Asia, Europe, North America as well as North Africa.

Explorers who traveled to different regions of the world helped in distributing various rose species from one part of the globe to another. Botanists, who worked with Rosa species, also contributed to the spread of rose across the world. Various people across the globe have studied roses carefully, rendered them artistically, and cultivated them passionately. In addition, botanists and gardeners have crossed one species of Rosa with another with a view to producing new cultivars that possess the beautiful and aromatic attributes of the parent plants that are admired by people all over the world. In fact, the beauty and aroma of roses have been appreciated by several generations and aficionados in all eras. There are innumerable rose species, which have been named depending on their place of origin, places reputed for cultivating them and even according to their hybridization. Their number is so vast that even most proficient experts often find it difficult to establish their classifications appropriately.

iceberg-rose-bushIt is worth mentioning here that rose bushes producing large flowers are some of the most magnificent roses measuring anything between 3 inches and 5 inches (9 cm and 13 cm) across. Generally, these flowers are also highly aromatic. Such rose bushes grow up to a height of 24 inches (60 cm) to 60 inches (150 cm). They are often referred to as Hybrid teas when one stem produces a solitary flower or called Grandiflora when each stem bears up to 5 or 6 blooms. These roses have been developed from plants having their origin in China from where they were brought sometime during the 19th century. They are well-known for their flowers that have aromas akin to tea.

Usually, the blooms of clustered rose bushes comprise about 5 to 6, occasionally even as many as 12, smaller roses. Each small rose measures roughly 1.5 inches (4 cm) to 3.5 inches (9 cm) across and appears as inflorescences. Each of these roses may comprise of several petals or just five petals encircling a stamen. The simple eglantines, for instance, dog-roses or wild roses, are wonderful examples of this variety of roses.

During summer, these inflorescences comprise flower clusters that completely wrap the shrubs in their beautiful colors. However, it is unfortunate that none of these roses actually emit a significant aroma. This is really disheartening for rose aficionados who are fond of fragrance. This rose group comprises flowers that were earlier known as Polyanthas and Floribundas. In fact, the variety distinguished as Polyanthas presents the most compact inflorescences that comprise somewhat smaller roses.

roses and lavender big photoRoses are popular as ornamental plants that are cultivated in the gardens and at times indoors too for their beautiful flowers. On various occasions, roses are also commercially used to make perfumes and also as a commercial crop to harvest cut flowers. Some people use rose in the form of landscape plants – growing them as hedges or for other utility purposes like to stabilize slopes and game cover. In addition, sometimes they are also used for minor therapeutic purposes.

Most of the ornamental rose varieties that we see today are actually hybrids that have been developed by crossing exotic species and cultivars for their majestic flowers. Only a few roses have been bred as well as grown for their beautiful or aromatic foliage. These varieties include Rosa rubiginosa and Rosa glauca. On the other hand, some roses like Rosa sericea have unusually ornamental thorns. Then again Rosa moyesii and some others are grown for their attractive fruits.

People have been cultivating ornamental roses for thousands of years. In fact, available documents show that ornamental roses were cultivated since 500 B.C. They were cultivated in various places including the nations in the Mediterranean region, China, and Persia. Over the years, several thousand rose cultivars and hybrids have been crossed as well as selected for growing as flowering plants in gardens across the globe. Most of these rose varieties are double-flowered and either all or several of their stamens have transformed into extra petals.

rosesIt is interesting to note that the French Empress Josephine supported the breeding of roses in her gardens located in Malmaison in the 19th century. As early as 1840, it was possible to develop more than a thousand dissimilar cultivars and varieties of roses when the Loddiges nursery planted a rosarium for the Abney Park Cemetery – one of the initial garden cemeteries and arboretums developed in England during the Victorian age.

In fact, roses are a favorite crop for domestic as well as commercial cut flowers. Usually, they involve harvesting and cutting of roses when they are in the stage of flowering buds. Subsequently, they are preserved in refrigerators till they are all set for display at places where they are sold to customers.

In places having temperate climatic conditions, people often grow cut roses in glasshouses, while it is possible to cultivate them under cover in warmer countries with a view to protecting the blooms from damages caused by weather as well as pests. When grown in such conditions, it enables the cultivators to undertake disease control methods more effectively. A good quantity of roses is cultivated in some countries having tropical climatic conditions. These roses are harvested and exported by air to different markets all over the world.

rose skin care

Rose blooms are also used to make rose perfumes. Rose oil or the attar of rose, which is basically a blend of volatile essential oils that are obtained by a process called steam distilling crushed rose petals, are used to make rose perfumes. Rose water, which is used for culinary purposes, is a spin-off of this process. In addition, rose water is also used in the form of a medicine, in cosmetics as well as religious ceremonies. The process involved in making rose oil or attar of rose was invented in Persia and later the technique spread to the eastern European countries via Arabia and India. People in Iran, Bulgaria and Germany use damask roses (scientific name Rosa x damascena “Trigintipetala”). In other regions of the world, people usually used the variety named Rosa x centifolia to make rose oils.

Rose oil is more or less transparent and has a light yellow or yellowish-grey color. The darker oil is produced by extracting a solvent called “Rose Absolute” using hexane. The color of this oil varies from deep yellow to orange. The weight of rose oil is roughly 3/1000 to 6/1000 of the flowers’ weight. For instance, approximately 2,000 rose flowers yield just one gram of rose oil or attar of rose.

roseThe oil extracted from a rose is called attar of rose and it comprises rose camphor and aromatic alcohols like geraniol and l-citronellol. Rose camphor is basically a fragrance-free solid made up of alkanes, which are isolated from rose oil. Similarly, rose oil also contains β-damascenone, which contributes to its aroma.

Sometimes, rose hips are used to make jelly, jam, and marmalade. In addition, they are also added to soups or brewed to prepare a tea, which has significant levels of vitamin C. Rose hips are also used to make rose hip syrup after they are pressed and filtered. Rose hip oil is used in several skin care products as well as cosmetics.

Rose-petal-jam-featuredOccasionally, the petals, as well as flower buds of rose, are used to add essence to standard tea. Alternatively, they are also blended with herbs to prepare various types of herbal teas.

People in France use rose syrup in various ways. Usually, they make rose syrup from a substance extracted from the petals of a rose. In the United States, people use the French rose syrup to make rose marshmallows and scones. People in India and neighboring countries use rose to make a popular concentrated squash called Rooh Afza. Roses are also used to prepare ice cream and kulfi having the flavor of rose.

rose mini cakes

In addition to using roses as a flavoring agent to add their aroma to foods, people also use these flowers in the form of a food. Although rare, rose petals are also used to make candies. In English confectionery, rose creams, which are basically fondants having rose flavor and covered in chocolate that is usually dressed with crystallized rose petals, are a traditional item. These creams are sold by several confectioners in England.

The rose hip, especially from the species called Rosa canina, has been used as a vitamin C source, albeit it provides an insignificant amount of the nutrient. In addition, the fruits of several species of rose enclose considerable levels of different vitamins and, hence, they have been utilized in the form of food supplements. However, herbal as well as folk medicines have employed several rose species. The species name Rosa chinensis has a long history of being used in Chinese Traditional Medicine. This rose species as well as many others have been employed to treat stomach disorders. Currently, scientists are studying the potential use of rose in treating cancerous growths.

Homeopathy Helleborus

Black Hellebore / Christmas Rose

Helleborus niger

The homeopathic remedy Helleborus is prepared organically from the plant called Helleborus niger (common names Christmas rose or black hellebore). This evergreen plant produces dark-hued, rubbery, palmately parted leaves that appear on stems which grow up to a height of 9 inches to 12 inches (23 cm to 30 cm). This plant belongs to the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae, and is known to be toxic. The short flowering stems of Helleborus niger bear big, plain flowers that bloom during the period between the middle of winter to the beginning of spring. These flowers are usually white in color but sometimes have a pinkish hue.

Helleborus has two sub-species – Helleborus niger subs. niger and Helleborus niger subs. amaranthus. The second sub-species bear comparatively larger flowers that measure about 3.75 inches (9 cm) in diameter. The subspecies H. niger subs. niger is found to be growing naturally in rocky terrains, over a vast area stretching from Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Croatia, Slovenia to the northern regions of Italy. On the other hand, the subspecies Helleborus niger subs. acanthus only grows in northern Italy and perhaps also the neighboring regions of Slovenia.

It may be noted that way back in 1400 BCE, Pliny, the famous Roman natural historian, had documented the use of black hellebore for treating mental problems. Even the ancient Roman and Greek philosophers used to drink an infusion prepared from this plant to augment their concentration prior to any long-drawn-out debate. However, as mentioned earlier, this plant is extremely poisonous and is currently only employed by homeopathy. Other herbalists are of the view that this herb is extremely potent and toxic to be employed in a safe manner. Noted German physician and the founder of the alternative medicine homeopathy Samuel Hahnemann proved the remedy Helleborus and published the findings of his research with the medicine in his Materia Medica Pura (1821-34).

Individuals who receive maximum benefit from the homeopathic remedy Helleborus are typically uninteresting as well as lethargic. The homeopathic remedy is most appropriate for people who are generally confused and their mental process is quite slow. Usually, such people suffer from grief, lack of concern, tetchiness, and depression. Very often, such individuals have a feeling as if their brain is in confusion and they are unable to comprehend what is happening around them. While such individuals may sometimes ask for assistance, usually it is difficult to console them. It has been found that the physical symptoms of such people usually deteriorate in the evening between 4 p.m. and 8 p.m. On the other hand, they feel better when there is warmth and while they are lying down all covered up.

Precisely speaking, homeopaths normally prescribe Helleborus to treat mental conditions that are marked by lethargy and confusion. Using this homeopathic remedy may be effective in treating any severe inflammatory condition of the nerves. In addition, Helleborus may also be useful for easing headaches, depression as well as digestive disorders. These symptoms may generally occur owing to any injury to the brain or the spinal cord; a brain surgery or an attack of encephalitis or meningitis.

The homeopathic remedy Helleborus is mainly used to treat depression. Patients who require this medication are extremely ill-tempered and become angry very easily. They prefer to be left alone and not disturbed by anyone. Such patients are extremely gloomy, desolate, mournful, silent or tremendously tormented. Helleborus, as a homeopathic remedy, is particularly apt for girls during puberty or at a time when they do not have menstruation periods after having them for once or a few times. In effect, many women take this homeopathic remedy on a regular basis with a view to regulating their menstrual periods as well as for aborting an unwanted pregnancy.

The symptoms of the patients who require the homeopathic remedy Helleborus most deteriorate when they are consoled. Such individuals are also insensible as well as dull when they are questioned and usually answer very at a snail’s pace. Helleborus is also effective in treating homesickness.

This homeopathic remedy is prepared using the leaves, roots as well as the rhizomes of the herb Helleborus niger. However, it is cautioned that while preparing this homeopathic remedy, one should not get baffled and mistake black hellebore with white hellebore.

Notwithstanding the concerns related to its safe use, many people are found to take black hellebore to treat kidney infections, nausea, constipation, queasiness and expel worms from their body.

Plant Parts Used:

Leaves, root.

Homeopathic Use:

The homeopathic remedy Helleborus is widely used for disorders related to the nervous system, including confusion and insipidness and perhaps is also effective in treating conditions wherein the patients seem to show insanity or mental disorders. People who require this medication are usually very slow in answering questions and need tremendous efforts to respond to any query. Their body has a numb sensation while the brain does not have any control over the muscles, as a result of which objects held by them drops easily from their hand. They are also absentminded and have poor attentiveness, commonly accompanied by a condition where the memory becoming completely vacant.

In severe conditions, the patients may also develop symptoms that are related to Alzheimer’s disease, mounting nervousness, losing their memory as well as stupefaction. Depending on the homeopathic remedy Helleborus is also likely to facilitate in reinstating some of the lost focus by the patients as well as their helplessness in concentrating. Such people are generally not able to memorize much and they habitually drop items from their hands or suddenly become blank, without any forewarning. Some of the condition-specific uses of Helleborus are discussed briefly below:

Brain inflammation
Helleborus as a homeopathic remedy is very effective for brain inflammation, especially where the tissues of the brain are distended, perhaps owing to meningitis or encephalitis. The symptoms of this condition normally include seizures accompanied by an inclination of a sensation of hotness of the head and chilliness of the body. In such situations, the patients have a sensation as if they are in a trance and feel very lethargic. Turning to the homeopathic remedy Helleborus in such cases may act to assist the body to naturally lessen the swelling of the brain tissues. In addition, it may be useful in easing the other symptoms like feeling extremely hot in the head and cold in the body as well as the semi-comatose condition.
Headaches
People who suffer from headaches or a migraine accompanied by mental insipidness, perhaps following any injury or surgery, may find Helleborus beneficial as a homeopathic remedy. Frequently, such headaches start on the back side of the head or in the neck. In such cases, the sufferer may have the compulsion to pull down the head towards his/ her body for relief. The pain caused by a headache or a migraine may be accompanied by vertigo and light-headedness that may result in vomiting.
Digestive disorder
As a homeopathic remedy, Helleborus is often prescribed for digestive disorders, wherein the patient experiences aching bowel impulses accompanied by watery diarrhea as well as mucus. In such conditions, the movements of bowel are so irregular and slow that the patient may even suffer from constipation. Generally, the patients do not experience thirst for any fluid and have a dry mouth.
Depression
People suffering from depression and requiring this homeopathic remedy usually have blank gazes, instinctive sighs, and bad moods, particularly in the period between 4 p.m. and 8 p.m. They may also be found to be fiddling with their lips and clothes.

Although black hellebore has been widely used in ancient times as a medicine, in present time it is not used much, except in the form of a homeopathic remedy. In earlier times, herbalists recommended this herb to patients for enhancing their concentration, but afterward, it was considered to be extremely potent for internal use.

Despite being neglected as an herbal medicine, the use of Helleborus has never ceased to increase as well as evolve in the world of homeopathy. This is primarily owing to the fact that despite several toxic and other substances being used to prepare homeopathic remedies, they do not retain even the slightest trace of the original substance they are prepared from. Hence, the discovery of the therapeutic attributes of Helleborus is very significant considering the fact that today it has proved to have sweeping effects.

Before concluding the discussion, it may once again be noted that the homeopathic remedy Helleborus is prepared from the plant Helleborus niger and it has been an extremely popular medication for several years. The tincture is prepared from the freshly obtained root of the plant that is unearthed during the winter. After digging up the root, it is cleaned, sliced into small pieces and permeated in alcohol. Subsequently, the resultant liquid is strained and succussed (shaken). The final product is the homeopathic remedy Helleborus that practically does not retain even the slightest trace of the plant.

As a homeopathic remedy, Helleborus works excellently for people who are characteristically inclined to be dreary and slow in temperament. Even people who usually have a very slow overall mental process also respond well to this remedy. Such people have the propensity to be nervous, suffer from depression as well as agony regarding their medical condition and also owing to their helplessness to concentrate. Such people may be very inconsolable when life becomes really hard for them.

Source:

The herb Helleborus niger, which forms the basis of the homeopathic remedy Helleborus, is found growing in the wild on the mountainous or rocky terrains in Europe. This plant blooms during the period between mid-winter to early spring and is cultivated extensively in the form of a well-accepted garden plant.

Rue {Homeopathy Ruta}

Ruta graveolens

The homeopathic remedy ruta is basically prepared from the plant called Ruta graveolens, also known by other different names, such as herb of repentance, herb of grace, rue, bitter herb and rue bitterwort. Ruta graveolens usually grows up to a height of around three feet (one meter) and bears plump or fleshy leaves and blooms that are yellowish in color. Rue or the herb of grace is indigenous to the southern regions of Europe, but the plant has been introduced in different parts of the world and is presently cultivated around the globe. Ruta graveolens possesses a potent smell that is usually obnoxious to most.

The stream of medicine known as homeopathy is founded on the principle of ‘like heals like’. In other words, this denotes that it is possible to cure an ailment by treating it with substances that actually produce symptoms similar to those caused by the disease. Moreover, the homeopathic medicines adhere to another law of homeopathy – the Law of Infinitesimals. Contrary to the principles or guidelines of conventional medicine, the ‘Law of Infinitesimals’ emphasize on the fact that the lesser dose of the medication is, the more helpful it is. Therefore, in order to obtain a very low dose of any homeopathic medicine, the product is diluted or watered down with different substances several times till only a minute amount of the original element is left behind in a large amount of the diluted liquid.

In homeopathy, ruta is primarily used for first-aid therapy. Homeopaths generally prescribe ruta for treating sprains and strains, cartilage and tendon damages caused in the region of the joints, damage of the tissues covering the bones, sciatica and injuries of the periosteum (a fat fibrous double-layered membrane covering the surface of bones). In addition, the homeopathic remedy ruta is also frequently used to provide relief from the pains as well as stiffness in the hands, legs, wrists and feet.

Homeopaths also prescribe ruta to cure straining eyes. This homeopathic remedy is basically used when an individual feels that his/ her eyes are red, hot or there is a burning sensation in the eyes following prolonged period of close activities like reading, writing or sewing. Ruta is also administered to cure headaches caused by eye strains. Ruta is also used in homeopathic dentistry to provide relief from pain as well as to heal the tooth socket infections after a tooth has been extracted. In addition, homeopaths used ruta to treat blood and mucus in stools, plantar warts on the feet, rectal prolapse (a medical condition wherein the walls of the rectum stick out through the anus), pain in the rectum, as well as for treating common debility and depression.

It is a common fact that symptoms of certain ailments improve or get worse under changed conditions. In homeopathy, such changes in the symptoms are used as indications or tools to diagnose the appropriate medicine that needs to be given to the patient for the utmost benefit. Keeping this in view, it has been found that the symptoms that are cured by administering the homeopathic remedy ruta may deteriorate with the heavy strain on the eyes; during the cold and moist weather conditions; when the sufferer is lying down or resting and also when the patients stoop or crouch. On the other hand, these symptoms get better when the patient is mobile or with movement.

In homeopathy, specific personality types are also attributed to specific therapies or medications. In fact, people who are said to belong to the ruta personality type are usually depressed, always frustrated or dissatisfied, petulant or irritable and have a tendency to always criticize others. Such people are also likely to be nervous and apprehensive and suffer from an absence of individual contentment. The Ruta type of personalities also demonstrates restiveness but still have a feeling that they are desolate and unenthusiastic.

Besides being used to prepare the homeopathic medicine ruta, the plant Ruta graveolens or rue has been used by traditional herbalists for several centuries. Ancient records state that the Greeks used this herb to treat coughs. On the other hand, the Italian Renaissance painter Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (1475-1564), as well as his contemporary artists, were of the belief that the herb Ruta graveolens helped to enhance eyesight. The Ruta graveolens plant possesses such a strong smell that people during the Middle Ages used the herb to keep off pestilence as well as prevent typhus (a severe, contagious ailment caused by various species of Rickettsia and transmitted by lice and fleas) from spreading. In addition, Ruta graveolens has also been traditionally used by herbalists to heal poisoning caused by certain types of mushrooms, venomous insect stings,snake bites, epilepsy as well as parasites inhabiting the human body. This homeopathic remedy is also beneficial for women and small doses are given to women to set off menstruation. However, it needs to be noted that administering larger dosages of ruta to pregnant women may result in miscarriage as it has the potential to stimulate the contraction of the uterus.

As in the instance of any other homeopathic remedy, the preparation of ruta also involves carefulness so that the end product or the medicine does not retain even the slightest trace of the original substance. The homeopathic remedy ruta is prepared using the aerial parts of the herb ruta graveolens or rue, which are harvested just prior to the blooming season. Subsequently, the aerial parts of the herb are chopped into fine pieces and diluted in alcohol. The solution is then filtered and succussed periodically till the desired level of dilution is obtained. The final product obtained through this process is the homeopathic remedy ruta, which is an extremely diluted solution containing no trace of the original herb. What, however, remains is an extremely desired and helpful homeopathic remedy. Although ruta may not be used to treat many health conditions as some of the other homeopathic remedies are, in homeopathy, this remedy works excellently for ailments and associated symptoms for which it is used.

rue seedlings

Both, practitioners of homeopathic as well as orthodox medicines concur that the time spent from preparing the diluted homeopathic remedy to the time it is administered in dissimilar strengths to treat different conditions, only a few molecules of the original medication are left behind. Nevertheless, homeopaths are of the view that these medicines carry on working by means of an effect known as ‘potentiazation’ (the process of watering down and forcefully shaking whereby the various strengths or potencies homeopathic medicines are prepared) , which no conventional scientist has been able to explicate or establish thus far.

As aforementioned, the homeopathic remedy ruta should never be given to pregnant women since it has the aptitude to stimulate the contraction of the uterus and, thereby, result in forced abortion or miscarriage. Although the use of ruta is not known to result in any adverse after-effects, many people have reported that handling the fresh ruta graveolens plant has caused contact dermatitis or skin rashes. Therefore, it is essential to wear gloves when harvesting this plant so that the workers do not develop skin rashes.

Taking ruta, the homeopathic medicine derived from the herb Ruta graveolens, in the prescribed dosages or the appropriately diluted form does not result in any side effects, barring rare instances of individual aggravations that may happen with any homeopathic remedy. As discussed earlier, if pregnant women take ruta in high concentrations, they are at the risk of having miscarriages.

It has been seen that people who benefit most from the use of ruta homeopathic remedy have a tendency to have feelings of nervous anxiety and fright and may also be the extremely weepy type. In addition, they are most likely to be petulant, argumentative as well as suspicious, frequently having a feeling that they are always being watched or cheated by others.

The typical symptoms that can be cured by administering the homeopathic medicine ruta, include problems of the connective tissue accompanied by distinctive muscle and tendon stiffness and pain frequently owing to sprains, any injury or extreme use of the muscles. The pain in such cases is characteristically uncomfortable, bruised and excruciating and is mostly associated with restiveness. In addition, ruta also helps in curing recurring strain injuries, ganglions ( a eyesight type of cyst), eye strain as well as incessant arthritis. This homeopathic medicine is also effective in treating sciatica, stiff and painful lower back.

Physicians in ancient Egypt and Greece have prescribed the plant Ruta graveolens or rue to persuade abortion, for eyesight as well as set off menstruation in women suffering from delayed or absent menstrual periods.

ruePlant Part Used:

Aerial parts of the herb.

Homeopathic Use:

Unlike several other homeopathic remedies, ruta is not prescribed for treating numerous ailments or symptoms, but it is extremely effective in healing the conditions for which this medicine is recommended. In fact, the homeopathic medicine ruta is extremely beneficial for healing staining of the periosteum (the lining of the bones) as well as sciatica (the soreness along the sciatic nerve), a condition that actually worsens during the night and when the sufferer is lying down. In addition, homeopaths also prescribe ruta to heal eye strains that are accompanied by reddish eyes and eye strain that is a fall-out of headaches, generally caused due to reading very small print.

The homeopathic medicine ruta is also frequently recommended for treating weakness of the chest and breathing problems that are accompanied with pain on the breastbone, for instance, when one is suffering from coughs and croup (a throat condition, usually occurring in children and distinguished by a hoarse cough and breathing troubles); contagion of the tooth socket following the extraction of a tooth; constipation that changes with stools that are loose and blood and mucus filled; prolapsed of the rectum that deteriorates when the patient stoops and crouches and a rectum pain that is tearing or resembles the pain of stitching which occurs in the instance of rectal prolapse.

It has been seen that people who benefit most from the use of the homeopathic medicine ruta are those who suffer depression as well as an absence of individual contentment. Such people may also always have a tendency to criticize others and suffer from nervous anxiety. Below are a few condition specific uses of this homeopathic medicine.

Eye strain
In homeopathy, ruta is an important medicine for healing most types of eye strain. The type of eye strain that is treated with ruta is that which occurs owing to exerting oneself or working too hard and straining the eyes excessively – for instance reading very small prints. Using ruta not only facilitates in curing the eye strain, but also the associated symptoms that occur owing to such eye strain. Such symptoms may include headaches or reddish and a burning sensation in the eyes.
Bruised and aching bones
The most important use of the homeopathic remedy ruta is healing bruised and aching bones. This medicine not only helps in treating bruised bones, but also facilitates the origin of the problem. Administration of ruta enables the homeopathic medicine to work on treating the lining of the bones and, thus, this medicine is incredibly benefit for people who are enduring bruising as well as painful bones and muscles. The medical preparation that involves transforming the herb ruta graveolens into the homeopathic remedy ruta is useful in curing any type of soreness or reaction endured due to injuries to the muscles, tendons and/ or bones. In addition, this homeopathic remedy prepared from the common plant Ruta graveolens is useful in treating aching bruising, sciatic nerve soreness as well as all other types of associated pain that is commonly associated with these kinds of injuries.
Chest weakness
Ruta, the homeopathic remedy prepared from the herb Ruta graveolens is highly effective for treating health conditions, such breathing troubles or chest weakness. Hence, people enduring these problems ought to turn to ruta to cure their conditions as well as alleviated the related symptoms. In many people, chest weakness is also manifested as sore breastbone, coughs and also croup. Bending or stooping may either result in the continuance of the pain or worsen the situation. Administering ruta in such cases may prove to be extremely beneficial.

Source

The plant Ruta graveolens which is used to prepare the homeopathic remedy ruta, belongs to a genus of potently fragrant evergreen sub-shrubs. This plant belongs to the family of Rutaceae and is indigenous to southern Europe, especially the Mediterranean region, southwest Asia and Macaronesia region comprising three habitats – the Azores, Madeira (both belonging to Portugal) and Canaries belonging to Spain.

Passiflora {Homeopathy}

Passiflora incarnata

The homeopathic remedy passiflora is obtained from the herb called passiflora incarnata, which is also known as purple passion flower, maypop, true passion flower, wild passion vine and wild apricot. Passiflora incarnata is a perennial vine having a climbing or sprawling stems and grows quite rapidly. Belonging to the genus Passiflora, Passiflora incarnata or the maypop bears big and elaborate flowers having outstanding styles and stamens. Passiflora incarnata is considered to be among the most resilient species of passion flower and is a very common wildflower in the southern regions of the United States. The Cherokee, Native Americans who historically settled in the southeastern regions of the United States, of Tennessee region called this herb Ocoee and is the State Wildflower of Tennessee.

The long and trailing stems of passion flower are found in two forms – smooth or covered with fine hairs (pubescent) and have several tendrils. The plant produces leaves which grow alternately on the stem and are in the form of a palm (palmately) having three lobes and each measuring anything between 6 cm and 15 cm. The leaves possess two distinct glands at the bottom of the blade on the petiole. The plant bears bluish-white flowers that have five petals each. The flowers display a white and purple corona – an arrangement of excellent appendages flanked by the petals and corolla. The big flower is usually structured in a ring on top of the petals and sepals. Flowers of passion flower, which generally blossom in the month of July, are sterile by self and pollinated by insects like the bumblebees.

Passiflora-incarnata-pollinationPassion flower produces fleshy fruits, which are also known as maypop, that are oval-shaped berries of the size of a hen’s egg having a yellowish color. When the fruits are unripe, they are green in color, but the hue changes to orange when they mature. Like in the instance of other passifloras, the berries of passion flower also form the food for the larvae of many several species of butterflies.

Conventionally, the whole passion flower plant, freshly obtained or dried out, has been used as an herbal remedy to heal conditions such as nervousness and sleeplessness or insomnia. In Europe, people use the dried out and pounded herb to prepare an herbal tea. In addition, some manufacturers have used the herb to produce a sedative chewing gum. The fruits of Passiflora incarnata are also consumed in the form of jam and jellies or used as a substitute for its South African relative Passiflora edulis, which is cultivated commercially. In fact, the berries of Passiflora incarnata and the fruits of Passiflora edulis are similar in size as well as their yield of juice. In fact, the berries or the ripened fruits of passion flower can be consumed directly and when they are eaten, these fruits form a very tasty snack – but extremely seedy. Since ages, the fruits of this plant have been a favorite of the European settlers and the indigenous people in America.

It may be mentioned that in the 19th century, physician Edwin M. Hale extracted Passiflora incarnata from the passion flower leaves. The homeopathic remedy passiflora, which is prepared from the leaves of the passion flower, is extremely useful for people suffering from insomnia, especially infants, the elderly and those who are enduring nervous anxiety and people under stress. In fact, this homeopathic medicine is an effective remedy for people enduring insomnia owing to mental fatigue.

Symptoms of the patients who need the homeopathic remedy passiflora deteriorate when they are mentally troubled; endure mental stimulation during the night as well as after taking any meal. This homeopathic medicine is also beneficial for people suffering from insomnia and habitually taking morphine as well as individuals enduring nervous anxiety. Such people are usually wakeful and restive even when they are sleeping. Precisely speaking, the homeopathic medicine passiflora soothes the nervous system enabling the users to have a sound sleep.

Conventionally, homeopathic physicians have used freshly obtained or the dried up whole passionflower to cure insomnia as well as nervous anxiety. The chemicals enclosed by the passion flower help to induce sleep, calm the system as well as provide relief from muscle spasms. Several types of research have demonstrated that the homeopathic remedy passiflora has the potential to lessen the symptoms of nervousness, occasionally working as effectively as some of the prescription drugs.

The secondary or lesser important use of the homeopathic remedy passiflora includes gastrointestinal disorders related to anxiety or nervousness. In addition, passiflora is also recommended to provide relief from the symptoms associated with psychiatric disorders, asthma, hysteria, narcotic drug withdrawal, menopausal symptoms, palpitations,hypertension, irregular heartbeat, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and fibromyalgia (a rheumatoid chaos distinguished by muscle pain and headaches). Homeopaths also recommend passiflora for providing relief from different types of pains.

The homeopathic remedy passiflora is applied topically on the skin for treating hemorrhoids, pains, burns, swellings or inflammation and may also be massaged into the skin to encourage respite. Passiflora is known to be the adoring homeopathic medicine since it helps to encourage leisure as well as relaxation.

Insomnia is the typical symptom that is associated with the homeopathic remedy passiflora. People who respond best to this homeopathic medicine have a tendency to lie in a wakeful condition at night which causes exhaustion. Such people are susceptible to strange feelings, for instance, they may occasionally have a feeling that their eyeballs are sticking out like they have been pushed out of their heads or the cover of their heads are raising. When they lie down, they may have a feeling that their heels are lifting up in the air. While passiflora is effective for treating such conditions, this homeopathic remedy is especially useful for crying children and alcoholics.

A very common patient of passiflora has a tendency to have a clean tongue (neither white nor fuzzy), keep worrying all the time, undertake too much of work and demonstrate hysterical or frantic inclinations. The symptoms of Passiflora patients worsen when there is noise and they improve when the environment is peaceful and tranquil. Most people who require the homeopathic remedy passiflora are addicted to different substances and they may use this herb to effectively diminish their yearning for alcohol, drugs, nicotine and other intoxicating substances.

Since time immemorial, the natives of Central and North America have been using passion flower or maypop since this plant possesses valuable sedative and anesthetizing properties.

As aforementioned, Edwin M. Hale, M.D. was the first person who extracted passiflora incarnata from the leaves of passion flower plant in the 19th century. Homeopathic doctors have been recommending the use of passiflora to people who have been enduring neurological problems as well as disorders related to sleep.

Plant Part Used For Homeopathic Remedy:

The homeopathic remedy passiflora is prepared from freshly obtained or dried out leaves of the Passiflora incarnata or the maypop plant. The fresh leaves of the plant are collected in spring and subsequently chopped into fine pieces and steeped in alcohol.

Herbal Medicine Use:

It may be noted that passion flower or Passiflora incarnata has its origin in herbal medicine and this plant has been extensively used as a potent tranquilizer as well as nervine (a medicine that soothes the nerves). In fact, even in homeopathy, Passiflora incarnata is used to provide relief from similar symptoms – it is especially used for disorders that impede the normal sleeping habits.

The homeopathic remedy Passiflora incarnata is basically well known for its capability to deter problems related to sleep as well as control the sleep cycles – it is particularly beneficial for patients who have been enduring insomnia. In addition, homeopaths recommend passiflora for treating enduring nervous anxiety, restiveness, physical tiredness as well as mental exhaustion that frequently go together with or add to insomnia.

Passiflora may perhaps help in curing whooping cough too, especially the condition that deteriorates during night time as well as insomnia accompanied by pain in the coccyx (a small triangular bone forming the lower fringe of the spinal column in humans), hemorrhoid (unusually enlarged vein largely due to a constant increase in venous pressure, occurring within the anal sphincter of the rectum and underneath the mucous membrane) or causing discomfort through or just prior to menstruation.

Passiflora-incarnata-seedsApart from the above-mentioned uses of passiflora, this homeopathic remedy also helps to neutralize the stimulating effect of alcohol, which makes it a very effective medicine for numbing the senses of inebriated people. Passiflora also has the ability to clear congested air passages, ease soaring throat as well as help in treating whooping cough or asthma, the conditions that deteriorate during the night. In addition, this homeopathic remedy is also effective in curing habitual night-time coughs.

As aforementioned, the homeopathic remedy passiflora helps to control the sleeping patterns, particularly in people who have difficulty in getting sound sleep and usually lie in the bed in a wakeful condition. In fact, such individuals may be tired forever and undergo hysterics. Other people who respond very well to passiflora are those who endure strange headaches in the region of the eyes, convulsions as well as light-headedness.

The passion flower or maypop plant also helps to soothe the central nervous system of the body and, thereby, promotes the healthy activity of the brain. This herb also helps to fight strain and stress that may result in hallucination, periodic seizures or convulsions and spastic conditions, such as trismus (contraction of the jaw muscles making it difficult to open the mouth) and chorea (a problem of the central nervous system distinguished by unmanageable irregular short jerky movements). In addition, the homeopathic remedy passiflora also influences the respiratory system positively, effectively alleviating ailments related to the bronchioles, such as asthma and whooping cough.

People, who have been living with persistent indigestion, also benefit much from the use of the extract of passiflora. This homeopathic medicine also controls the digestive issues and may aid in preventing flatulence and diarrhea. People who usually require this homeopathic medicine generally feel worse soon after having a meal. In fact, just after they take any meal, such people endure acute stupor, common fatigue as well as heaviness all over their body.

However, before you decide to take Passiflora incarnata, it is advisable to talk to a professional homeopathic doctor as it would help you to get the optimum results. Generally, before prescribing any medicine, homeopathic physicians depend on the comprehensive medical history of the patient and also intimate information of a medicine’s physical as well as emotional indications with a view to deciding on the accurate solution. In fact, homeopathic physicians evaluate issues, such as chronic medical issues, the patient’s mental condition, elimination pattern, diet as well as location. Although selecting the wrong homeopathic medicine usually does not do much harm to the patient, it actually fails to alleviate the symptoms successfully. Moreover, until the time the precise medication is determined, the patients continue to suffer and his/ her condition may also deteriorate during the intervening period.

Source:

The passion flower or maypop plant, whose leaves form the basis of the homeopathic remedy passiflora, is found in coppices growing in disturbed areas along the roads and railroads as well as adjacent to pastures and river banks. This herb thrives best in places receiving plenty of sunlight. You will never find passion flower growing in a shady region or underneath a forest shelter.

It may be noted that plants belonging to the Passifloraceae family are found growing across the globe, barring Antarctica. Similarly, passiflora is not found in Africa, while several other members of the Passifloraceae family can be found growing on this continent.